Russia and Somalia : 2019

Written by: Galbi Taajir 2019

As a government, Somalia is ready to partner with any world power. When the current government came into office, the focus was on restoring relations with the international community, re-opening embassies and foreign missions, welcoming the international community and entering into international agreements.
The president and his government have transparently implemented the fight against corruption, theft of national resources and the fight against terrorism, which has revived international trust in Somalia.
both current and previous governments have equally vehemently denied any outside intervention in the country, stating that the proposal for Somalia is being heeded by the international community.
Last year, Somalia explicitly declared the country’s anti-independence statute by expelling Nicolas Haynsom, the envoy from the UN secretary-general, which has only recently revealed the progress and recovery of the Somali government.
All this while you know; go back to Somalia’s past relationship with a European Union particular USSR.
The USSR used military aid as the most effective means of gaining influence and cooperation. In 1962, Moscow gave $ 32 million credit to Somali to raise the number of soldiers to 14,000 and modernize the army. When it came to 1965, the USSR found technical and military assistance to build the Somali Navy. On the other hand, the USSR also made attempts to establish the Ethiopia national armed forces. Socialist leader Mengistu Haile Mariam also played an active role in the strengthening of aid in Ethiopia. In 1976, a $ 100 million secret military agreement was signed between the two sides. An estimated 20 000 Ethiopian were trained in the USSR, and thousands graduated from military and political schools. In 1977, The United States stopped all military aid, departing it without any influence on the strategic important Horn. This significant loss of influence resulted in total Soviet control over the Horn that made the situation even more complex.

Somalia-Ethiopia conflicts played an important role in Moscow to determine policy over these countries. In the beginning, The USSR supported both rivaling states, Somalia and Ethiopia. Concerning this geopolitical contest, the socialist bloc had achieved an important outcome. However, Ogaden Battle between Somalia and Ethiopia changed the alliances in region and Somalia joined the Western camp and demonstrated the cliché that “there are no permanent friends and no permanent enemies’. While the United States was arming Somalia, the USSR and Cuba were helping Ethiopia. Ogaden Battle became one of the reasons for the demise of the SALT II agreement and détente between the Cold War superpowers.
Russian Ambassador to Mogadishu, Mikhail Golovanov made the statement during a meeting with Prime Minister Kheyre in Mogadishu.
Golovanov told the prime minister, Russia is ready to further strengthen its ties with Somalia.
The Federal Government of Somalia, on the other hand, has said that it will deepen relations with Russia.
The Russian government was one of the major contributors to the government of Somalia, before the collapse of the country, and also contributed to the building of the country’s armed forces.

Written by: Galbi Taajir
Email: [email protected]


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