"I Start where the News Story Stop"

Esleman Abay

Interested in deepening the discussion about new Nile projects, the website as a platform explores the engagements of water users, planners and researchers in multiple projects of river basin development. By experimenting with different theories and methodologies of representing river basin development experiences, we aim to open up new perspectives on the simultaneous transformation of the Nile water distribution, differences between its users and categories through which these are known.

United States of Sanctions – foreign affairs

The problem, however, is that sanctions are hardly cost free. They strain relations with allies, antagonize adversaries, and impose economic hardship on innocent civilians. Thus, sanctions not only reveal American decline but accelerate it, too. To make matters worse, the tool is growing duller by the year. Future sanctions are likely to be even less effective as China and Russia happily swoop in to rescue targeted actors and as U.S. allies and partners tire of the repeated application of economic pressure

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‘We Don’t Negotiate with Terrorists!’: Legitimacy & Complexity in Terrorist Conflicts

Many scholars and policymakers state that negotiating with terrorist groups legitimises them, their goals and their methods. They assert that such negotiations incite violence, weaken democratic states, and weaken the norm of non-violence. However, the legitimation of terrorist groups through negotiations can transform a conflict away from violence, if groups have to renounce violence to engage in talks

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Negotiating with Terrorists Encourages more Terrorism

One hypothesis about terrorism is that a country should not negotiate with terrorists because such action will incite increased violence and inspire further extremism. Margaret Thatcher promised that she would never negotiate with bombers at the height of terrorist movement from the Irish Republic Army

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